Wednesday, December 13, 2017

How educating a girl child shapes a better tomorrow?

Education is the fundamental right of every human being. It lays the foundation of the development of a society. Women are an important part of the society and yet, for centuries they have been denied their basic rights. The development of our country depends solely upon the education of women. If a woman is education, she can help incorporate good manners in her children and pass on her knowledge to her kids.

Women constitute about 50% of India’s resources but the lack of education snatches their chance to become a part of the country’s progress. Due to lack of education, women are not able to take part in the country’s political front and even the economic front.

They become vulnerable to oppression by the dominant males and remain unaware about their rights stated in the Constitution. As a result of this, there is a considerable gap between the female and male literacy rate in India.

Education a girl child can help shape a better tomorrow because girls constitute a major section of the population in societies all around the world. With their development and progress, the country also progresses. Adolescent girls all around the world face social and political barriers.

While they hold the potential to become leaders and bring about change in the world, their empowerment is hindered by the Indian customs such as child marriage, female infanticide, gender based violence and limited access to higher education.

Poverty is the main cause of many problems in India and also the problem of low female literacy rate. More than one third of the Indian population is living below the poverty line. Several girls in the villages and other rural areas as reason are unable to enroll into schools and if they do so, they are likely to drop out before the age of 12. Another factor which adds to the low female literacy rate is the high population growth.

Many Indian households have more children than what could be met by the average income of the household. Mostly in poor families, the number of children per couple is exceptionally high. As a result they prefer to ignore the educational requirements of the children and put them in factories and other areas for work.

Adding to this misery is the high education expenditures. Forget colleges, even entrance exams such as VITEEE or SRMJEEE have high application costs.

The Indian government is making constant efforts to make primary education free for all and with the onslaught of campaigns for educating the girl child, yet parents are still not ready to send their girls to school.

The reason might be the inbuilt stereotype that women are better off within the walls of the house or that the education a girl needs is about how to take care of children and feed her family. Such stereotypes are quite rampant in rural families. If such a psychological thinking can be removed, then surely the number of people willing to send their girls to school will also increase drastically.

Another factor which leads to poor strength of female students in educational institutions are the low quality facilities being offered. Some government schools lack in infrastructure and even in the matters of a cooperative staff. This just serves as an additional hurdle in the way of proper quality education.

The UNICEF is tasked with the lead role for girls’ education. It is also leading the UN Girls’ Education Initiative (UNGEI), which is a global partnership established to raise the profile of girls’ education. 

The CARE’s Girls’ Education Programme (GEP) in India has been in operation for over 10 years. Significantly, the successful implementation of residential camps and other innovative education strategies for marginalized girls have enabled the CARE India to shape national educational policy, contributing to adoption of residential bridge courses as part of a national scheme to get more girls into school.

The CARE has collaborated in the design and rollout of the Government’s Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) schools, a residential school scheme at the upper primary level for girls from minority and educationally-disadvantaged communities. The GEP seeks to improve opportunities for girls and women through their increased participation in formal and alternative education systems.

Women must realize that education is essential if they want to live a life of pride and freedom. If nothing else, then education can at least be their saving grace if any misfortune falls upon them.
Literacy is one of the most significant socioeconomic indicators which helps plan a country’s path to development.

The country’s future will largely depend upon the condition of women today. An educated Indian woman will yield a positive impact in the country’s economy and the society. The low level of literacy does not just have negative consequences for the female but also for their families. Literacy rate is also lower is rural areas as compared to urban areas. The differences between the urban-rural ratio indicate that the Government still needs to take strict action to promote education in all sectors and for all genders.

The education of the girl child is quite crucial in our society today. With the increasing rate of crime against women and the onslaught of domestic violence, strong female leaders are needed to make the nation strong.

Educating and empowering the girl child can be the most powerful investment for development a country can make. Secondary education in particular can be a powerful transformative force for the girl child, which can influence all desired national and global development outcomes.

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